gradient-induced voltage


Counseling Services

Our scope of business includes but not limited to assessment of RF-induced heating, gradient-induced voltage, B0-induced force, B0-induced torque, image artifact and RF rectification for fully implanted by partially implanted medical devices. 


Patient harm due to RF-induced heating is a function of absolute temperature, duration of the temperature, and individual implant considerations. RF-induced heating of tissues surrounding an AIMD can result in local tissue temperature rises, leading to tissue damage or a reduction in the ability of the implanted device to deliver its therapy. 


Extrinsic electric potential is gradient field induced voltage that develops between spatially separated electrodes within a single AIMD lead (intra-lead), between electrodes of a multi-lead AIMD (inter-lead), or between electrodes and a conductive AIMD enclosure in contact with tissue.